By Taner Akçam
The homicide of multiple million Armenians by means of the Ottoman Turkish executive in 1915 has been stated as genocide. but virtually a hundred years later, those crimes stay unrecognized by way of the Turkish kingdom. This e-book is the 1st try by way of a Turk to appreciate the genocide from a perpetrator's, instead of victim's, viewpoint, and to contextualize the occasions of 1915 inside of Turkey's political historical past and western local guidelines. Turkey at the present time is in the course of a tumultuous transition. it's rising from its Ottoman legacy and on its solution to acceptance via the west as an ordinary kingdom country. yet until eventually it confronts its earlier and current violations of human rights, it's going to by no means be a really democratic kingdom. This ebook explores the resources of the Armenian genocide, how Turks this day view it, the meanings of Turkish and Armenian id, and the way the lengthy legacy of western intervention within the quarter has suppressed reform, instead of promoted democracy.
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Additional resources for From Empire to Republic: Turkish Nationalism and the Armenian Genocide
The new rulers, whose behavior was based on the mentality of the Ottoman ruling tradition and who, as we have noted, were heavily imbued with military values, discovered that the society that was ‘outside’ themselves formed a serious problem for the state that they had idealized. In addition to the foreign threat, which found expression in the aforementioned Sèvres Syndrome, and which forms the founding ideology of the Republic, a new threat, the ‘internal threat,’ was discovered. In connection with this ‘threat philosophy,’ the rulers began to act to create taboos in designated areas of social life.
For this reason, the democratization program that is emerging as a part of the process of joining the European Union could be described as a model of authoritarian democracy. This program is consistent with that traditional ideological pillar of the Republic which defines society as a problem. In the process of democratization we observe the emergence of two types of civil society organizations. On the one hand, there are grassroots movements that have developed and favor a civil democratic society; on the other hand, there are those supported by the state and military, which favor the status quo.
35–59. 4. Ertu˘grul Özkök, ‘Milli eylem stratejisi belgesi,’ Hürriyet, June 24, 1999. 5. At the beginning of every year in Turkey, the government publishes a circular in which the authority and the duties of the National Security Council is recounted. Such a circular was published in the newspaper Radikal on June 23, 2000. According to this article, the NSC possesses secret directives and has the duty of supervising and reviewing all manner of activities within the provincial administrations as well as among government ministers.