By Iris Agmon
Demanding situations winning assumptions approximately kinfolk, courts of legislation, and the character of modernity in Muslim societies opposed to the backdrop of Haifa and Jaffa in the course of " the lengthy 19th century." the preferred photo of the relatives and the courtroom of legislation in Muslim societies is one in every of conventional, unchanging social frameworks. Iris Agmon indicates a wholly diverse view, grounded in a close examine of nineteenth-century Ottoman courtroom files from the flourishing Palestinian port towns of Haifa and Jaffa. She depicts the shari'a Muslim court docket of legislations as a dynamic establishment, able to adapting to swift and profound social alterations - certainly, of enjoying an energetic function in producing those adjustments. court docket and family members have interaction and remodel themselves, one another, and the society of which they shape half. Agmon's ebook is an important contribution to scholarship on either relatives background and criminal tradition within the social historical past of the center East.
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Additional resources for Family & Court: Legal Culture And Modernity in Late Ottoman Palestine (Middle East Beyond Dominant Paradigms)
This innovation had initially been introduced during the decade of Egyptian rule in the region (1831--40). The law of 1864 further developed the idea of the participation of representatives of the local communities in government. Two new elements were introduced owing to the foundation of the councils, albeit in a restricted form: the participation of the subjects of the empire in government and the representation of the various religious groups in this initial step toward self-rule. The councils created another site of social activity and local power relations, mainly for the notable families of Jaffa and Haifa because the council members were elected from among them.
By analy,dng the legal discourses of gender, she shows that the Islamic legal system in early-modern Syria, although based on a patriarchal bias, was both in theory and in practice rather Acxible, sometimes even compensating for that bias. 11 The shift from the history of women to the history of gender has not been easy. In fact, the shift to gender analysis, which chronologically became an option in Middle East studies before family history, has in many cases never been accomplished beyond the level of the use of the title "women and gender" for studies on women.
A major goal of revisionist approaches to the history of the Middle East has been to challenge the concept of the stagnant and passive Orient, whose history was allegedly determined exclusively by external forces. The paradigm of Ottoman decline was only one aspect of that concept. For historians of women and gender, the agenda has been to revisit concepts of stagnation and passiveness twice: first, with regard to the Orient as a whole, and, second, in relation to the construction of societal groups in the ~Middle East, mainly women, as both passive and unchanging (Agmon 2004c).