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By John P. Houston, Helen Bee and David C. Rimm (Auth.)

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Although it is not yet known exactly how many different transmitter substances there are, several have been identified. For example, some synapses employ acetylcholine (ACh), while others use a chemical known as norepinephrine. Still others use serotonin—but no neuron releases more than one type of neurotransmitter. Research into the nature of neurotransmitters is becoming very exact. It is now possible to trigger the action potential in specific neurons in mice and then to collect and analyze the neurotransmitter released in response to this artificial firing of the neurons (Gage & Murphy, 1980).

We do learn to control some autonomie functions such as urination and defecation, but these functions would be carried out even if we didn't learn such control. The autonomie system controls such things as constriction of our blood vessels, the action of our sweat glands, and the activity of our adrenal glands. In general, it controls involuntary actions. "Ori'off" divisions of the autonomie system The autonomie division is further divided into two parts, the sympathetic and the parasympathetic systems.

T h e same e v e n t may be understood in many different ways. In t h e chapters to c o m e we will be covering a wide range of topics and will h a v e occasion to view these topics from a n u m b e r of different points of view. SUMMARY 1. Psychology is a large, complex field of study that may be broken down into various areas of specialization. 2. Physiological psychology is the study of the physical events that underlie behavior, such as the functioning of the brain and nervous system, the glandular systems, and the genetic systems.

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