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By Karen Barkey

This publication is a comparative learn of imperial association and durability that assesses Ottoman successes in addition to disasters opposed to these of different empires with comparable features. Barkey examines the Ottoman Empire's social association and mechanisms of rule at key moments of its historical past, emergence, imperial institutionalization, home improvement, and transition to countryside, revealing how the empire controlled those moments, tailored, and prevented crises and what adjustments made it rework dramatically. The versatile innovations during which the Ottomans maintained their legitimacy, the cooperation in their varied elites either on the heart and within the provinces, in addition to their regulate over financial and human assets have been accountable for the toughness of this actual ''negotiated empire.'' Her research illuminates subject matters that come with imperial governance, imperial associations, imperial range and multiculturalism, the style within which dissent is dealt with and/or internalized, and the character of kingdom society negotiations.

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Sample text

Thus, Chapter 8 is meant to tie together the three aspects of imperial domination, demonstrating that each one of them was transformed throughout the centuries via the formation of new institutions that moved Ottomans willy-nilly toward the forms of the nation-state. In this chapter, I demonstrate the impact of changing networks on the imperial state, deeply aggravated by the manner in which the system of tax farming that had served them so well became a strong liability in the nineteenth century.

In this book, I pay particular attention to these three conditions. That is, I maintain that empires become and remain dominant polities as long as they can maintain the structure that ensures control over the decision-making processes of elites, can rule over diversity, and can claim a legitimate motivation for their existence. The balance among these factors keeps changing throughout imperial rule, especially as the relations between the center and elites change, often in relation to larger, international, geopolitical, and economic transformations that affect the imperial polity’s capacity to rule and mobilize resources.

31 The Roman, Byzantine, and Ottoman Empires present especially good examples of this feature. Scholars have demonstrated that longevity and maintenance were the result of the empires’ ability to constantly renovate themselves and to incorporate the best available men. ); see also John Padgett, and Christopher Ansell, “Robust Action and the Rise of the Medici, 1400–1434,” American Journal of Sociology 98 (1993): 1259–1319. It is also the main argument in Motyl, Imperial Ends. Whittaker, Rome and Its Frontiers, 3.

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