By George E. Lane
An account of the re-emergence of Persia as an international participant and the reassertion of its cultural, political and religious hyperlinks with Turkic Lands, this publication opposes the best way, for too lengthy, the entire interval of Mongol domination of Iran has been seen from a adverse viewpoint. notwithstanding arguably the preliminary irruption of the Mongols introduced little convenience to these in its course, this isn't the case with the second one 'invasion' of the Chinggisids. This examine demonstrates that Hülegü Khan was once welcomed as a king and a saviour after the depredations of his predecessors, instead of as a conqueror, and that the preliminary many years of his dynasty's rule have been characterized via a renaissance within the cultural lifetime of the Iranian plateau.
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Extra info for Early Mongol Rule in Thirteenth-Century Iran: A Persian Renaissance
Rash¥d al-D¥n’s account of Na‚¥r al-D¥n ˝s¥’s decisive role in reassuring Hülegü that the act of destroying the caliph would be far from detrimental to his fortunes is quite unambiguous and tothe-point. ’183 Though ample evidence can be cited to attest to Hülegü’s ruthlessness and of his swift and cruel inﬂiction of retribution such as his treatment of Malik ÍÇliª of Mosul and his infant son184 and his savage execution of Malik KÇmil of MayyÇfÇriqin,185 evidence also exists of a compassionate, intellectually inquisitive and relaxed man.
During the siege, messages had been arrowed into the stricken city assuring some of the inhabitants that their safety would be guaranteed since it was known that they were not ﬁghting against Hülegü. ’159 Support for the suspicion that the Shi ites were sympathetic to Hülegü is borne out by the behaviour of the people of Óilla and other Shi ite towns before and after Hülegü’s victory. In Óilla the people received Hülegü’s envoys with glee, ‘building a bridge across the Euphrates and rejoicing at their arrival’160 and the gates of other cities such as Basra, Kufa and Najaf were willingly opened to the invaders.
1304–16 Note Roman numerals refer to the ruling Il-Khans of Iran. r. 1316–35 IX. Abu Said VIII. Oljeitu r. 1291–5 r. 1284–91 1295–1304 V. Geikhatu IV. Arghun r. 1265–82 VII. 1 The Chinggisids. Berke r. 1257–67 Orda Khans r. 1226–80 Guyuk Chaghadaid Batu d. 1255 r. 1246–8 d. 1242 Ogodei r. 1229–41 Chaghadai Jochi d. 1227 d. 1227 Chinggis Khan r. 1336–7 Musa Khan r. 1295 VI. Baidu Taraqai r. 1251–9 Mongke d. 1233 Tolui 1282–4 III. Tegudar r. 1260–94 Qubilai Anbaji Temur Monku- r. 1256–65 I. Hulegu Qaralayaqai Yoshmut Aghoul Tabshin r.