By Lynda Lange (auth.), Sandra Harding, Merrill B. Hintikka (eds.)
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Extra resources for Discovering Reality: Feminist Perspectives on Epistemology, Metaphysics, Methodology, and Philosophy of Science
35, fn. 1. In what follows I explain why I don’t think Barker’s view can be sustained. 6 As mentioned in fn. 2 above, Aristotle sometimes uses personalized language in the De Anima. But interestingly it is not also politicized language. 7 That association, as we saw in Section II, is perfectly arbitrary. Moreover, to maintain it, Aristotle has to hold that in one class, the class of men, the rational by nature rules, and in another class, that of women, the rational by nature does not rule. But if there is any class in whom the rational by nature does not rule, then the original premise of Aristotle’s argument – that the rational by nature rules the irrational – is contradicted.
By using her findings one can first compute a reasonable prestige value for housewives and then assign all individuals their own‚ individual‚ SES. 36 JUDITH HICKS STIEHM The Verba and Nie occupational categories were: Unskilled 1 Semiskilled 2 Independently employed 3 Skilled 4 Clerical and sales 5 Professional and Managerial 6 Where does housewife belong? Articles available about the work of housewives describe their work in so many ways that reasons could be offered for assigning them to several of the above groups.
Hence when Aristotle talks about the rule of the rational part of the soul over the irrational part, he cannot be said to be merely pointing out that what happens in one part of the soul determines what happens in another part in some mechanical fashion. In fact, if this is what Aristotle meant by the rule of the rational over the irrational part, then he would have to say that the irrational part sometimes rules over the irrational part; but he explicitly resists this when he suggests that sometimes the irrational part “appears” to rule over the rational part even when it really doesn’t (P 1254b).