By Francois Recanati
This quantity places ahead a unique new concept of direct reference, mixing insights from either the Fregean and the Russellian traditions, and becoming the overall thought of language figuring out utilized by these engaged on the pragmatics of normal language
Read Online or Download Direct Reference: From Language to Thought PDF
Best history & surveys books
Nietzsche famously attacked conventional morality, and propounded a debatable ethics of "life-enhancement". Simon may possibly offers a appreciably new view of Nietzsche's proposal, that is proven to be either innovative and conservative, and to have a lot to supply us at the present time after the death of outdated values and the "death of God".
Even if Adam Smith is frequently considered this present day as an economist, he used to be in reality (as his nice contemporaries Hume, Burke, Kant, and Hegel well-known) an unique and insightful philosopher whose paintings covers an important territory together with ethical philosophy, political economic system, rhetorical conception, aesthetics, and jurisprudence.
This booklet deals a brand new interpretation of Fichte's Jena process, focusing particularly at the challenge of the objectivity of cognizance. The Jena procedure, the writer argues, got down to advance an account of the constitutive buildings of subjectivity in advantage of which unsleeping states have aim content material.
Neo-Confucianism used to be the key philosophical culture in China for many of the prior millennium. This significant other is the 1st quantity to supply a finished advent, in available English, to the Neo-Confucian philosophical considered consultant chinese language thinkers from the 11th to the eighteenth centuries.
- Geistesleben im 13. Jahrhundert
- Descartes: The World and Other Writings
- Heidegger's Philosophic Pedagogy (Continuum Studies in Continental Philosophy)
- Concluding Unscientific Postscript to Philosophical Fragments (Volume 1)
Extra resources for Direct Reference: From Language to Thought
From the mode of presen tation that constitutes the linguistic meaning of the expression. There are two sorts of mode of presentation to be distinguished, and once this distinction is made, the Fregean argument no longer 36 D e r e communication constitutes an obj ection to the second claim made by the neo Russellian. Thus, even if it was conceded to the Fregean that the proposition expressed cannot be a singular proposition, but must include a mode of presentation of the referen� e, still it could be maintained that the mode of presentation of the reference which constitutes the linguistic meaning of a referential term 'should not be considered part of the content of what is said but should rather be thought of as [a] contextual factor .
Certainly, the Fregean argument shows that the complete content of the attitudes must include a mode of presentation of the reference. It follows that the complete content of the attitudes cannot be a singular proposition. But who has ever denied that? It would be folly to do so. The only rational position, for someone who holds that the proposition expressed by an utterance in which a referential term occurs in a singular proposition, is to reject (i), the equation of the proposition expressed with the complete content of the attitudes.
4 1 6 -4 1 7). I cannot elaborate this point here. Stephen Schiffer (1977, p. 3 1 ) makes a similar point. He introduces an operator ' * ' that transforms a definite description into one that has maximal scope in every sentence in which it occurs, and notes that the proposition expressed by 'It might have been the case that the * Presi dent of the US in 1 976 was a lapsed Quaker' is true in a possible world if and only if whoever in that world is President of the US in 1 9 76 is such that he or she might have been a lapsed Quaker.