By Jonathan Jacobs
Dimensions of ethical idea examines the main presuppositions and philosophical commitments that help and form ethical theories.
Read Online or Download Dimensions of Moral Theory: An Introduction to Metaethics and Moral Psychology PDF
Best history & surveys books
Nietzsche famously attacked conventional morality, and propounded a arguable ethics of "life-enhancement". Simon might provides a considerably new view of Nietzsche's concept, that is proven to be either progressive and conservative, and to have a lot to supply us this present day after the loss of life of previous values and the "death of God".
Even supposing Adam Smith is usually considered this present day as an economist, he was once in truth (as his nice contemporaries Hume, Burke, Kant, and Hegel famous) an unique and insightful philosopher whose paintings covers a major territory together with ethical philosophy, political financial system, rhetorical idea, aesthetics, and jurisprudence.
This ebook bargains a brand new interpretation of Fichte's Jena process, focusing particularly at the challenge of the objectivity of recognition. The Jena approach, the writer argues, got down to advance an account of the constitutive constructions of subjectivity in advantage of which wide awake states have target content material.
Neo-Confucianism was once the main philosophical culture in China for many of the earlier millennium. This spouse is the 1st quantity to supply a entire advent, in available English, to the Neo-Confucian philosophical considered consultant chinese language thinkers from the 11th to the eighteenth centuries.
- Twilight of the Idols Or, How to Philosophize with the Hammer
- Philosophy in Science: An Historical Introduction
- James Frederick Ferrier: Selected WRitings
- Die Frage nach dem Ding. Zu Kants Lehre von den transzendentalen Grundsätzen
Extra resources for Dimensions of Moral Theory: An Introduction to Metaethics and Moral Psychology
In developing those, we need to address crucial questions about the relation between self-interest and morality, the relation between pleasure and moral value, and the extent to which agents have (or lack) control over the moral worth of their actions. These are questions of moral psychology, and we turn to them in chapter 2. OBJECTIVITY AND SUBJECTIVITY 39 Questions for Discussion and Reflection 1 2 3 4 5 6 Explicate the differences between Kant’s account of the way in which moral value is objective and Mill’s conception of its objectivity.
For example, considerations of fairness might take precedence over considerations of utility, or certain rights might take priority over others. This, of course, would need to be shown in a carefully reasoned manner, since pluralism is decidedly not the same thing as making moral judgment arbitrary. Pluralism implies that there is no single measure or standard of value that will decide all conflicts of obligation or determine the weights of all the values at issue in a situation or a judgment. While that may appear to be a difficulty for pluralism, the approach may be motivated by the recognition that there are different kinds of value considerations, each with a claim to objectivity.
We judge what to do, what practices to accept, and which to discourage on the basis of what elicits our admiration, our gratitude, our esteem, our contempt, our fear, our distrust, and so forth. Moral judgments ultimately have a basis in the passions and in desires, in something felt. Also, they render the judgments practical by giving them motivating energy. It is feeling that moves us, even when it is feeling informed by factual knowledge and structured by reasoning. 28 Smith’s account of moral judgments differs in a number of ways from Hume’s but he agrees that sentiment is the basis of value.