Download Dimensions of Law in the Service of Order: Origins of the by Robert Stanley PDF

By Robert Stanley

A worldly and obtainable software of the most recent theoretical paintings in public-policy heritage and criminal reviews, this e-book is a close account of ways an enduring source of revenue tax was once enacted into legislations within the usa. The tax originated as an apology for the competitive manipulation of alternative sorts of taxation, specifically the tariff, in the course of the Civil conflict. Levied with very low charges on a small percentage of the inhabitants and elevating little profit, the early tax was once designed to maintain imbalances within the constitution of wealth and chance, instead of to ameliorate or abolish them, by means of strengthening the established order opposed to primary assaults by way of the political left and correct. This e-book indicates that the early process source of revenue taxation was once extra essentially the made from centrist ideological contract, regardless of occasional divergences, than of "conservative-liberal" allocative clash.

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Extra info for Dimensions of Law in the Service of Order: Origins of the Federal Income Tax, 1861-1913

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Together with ordinary revenues and postal receipts (not shown) these constitute gross revenues. quate to establish credit with "the capitalists," without whom the war machine would fail. The result of the fiscal decisions made during the early war years was a war effort almost completely dependent upon the investments of private financiers, and the creation of a revenue structure designed to establish credit, to fund ordinary operations including debt maintenance, and to draw taxes through a system acknowledged to be thoroughly regressive and consumption-oriented.

Debt Principal" (not shown) includes payments made toward the retirement of the debt itself, through the redemption of bonds and securities and the payment of certain premiums. Gross expenditures included these payments, together with postal expenditures (not shown) and the total ordinary expenditures. 32 Dimensions of Law in the Service of Order Table 1-2. 15 Misc. S. 6370, Table I; and Historical Statistics series A 1-3. Definitions: "Tariff" includes receipts from customs duties. "Internal Revenues" include all excise and income taxes.

Looking to the East, his partner Morrill simultaneously attempted to calm urban wealth by claiming, with patent exaggeration, that the new $600 exemption was low enough to reach most of the classes of the community, not only the most wealthy. ) complained that under the current revenue system "the farmers are getting rich . . "50 Finance Committee Chairman William P. Fessenden (R-Maine) wearily summarized the process, asking for understanding since "we have had no experience in matters of this nature for a long period of years .

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