By Pierre F. Landry
China, like many authoritarian regimes, struggles with the stress among the necessity to foster fiscal improvement by means of empowering neighborhood officers and the regime's important to manage them politically. Landry explores how the chinese language Communist celebration (CCP) manages neighborhood officers which will meet those targets and perpetuate an strangely decentralized authoritarian regime. utilizing detailed facts accrued on the municipal, county, and village point, Landry examines intimately how the merchandising mechanisms for neighborhood cadres have allowed the CCP to gift officers for the advance in their localities with no weakening political keep watch over. His learn indicates that the CCP's team of workers administration procedure is a key consider explaining China's enduring authoritarianism and proves convincingly that decentralization and authoritarianism can paintings hand in hand.
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Extra resources for Decentralized Authoritarianism in China: The Communist Party's Control of Local Elites in the Post-Mao Era
My approach is dynamic in the sense that it explains how a risk-averse political organization such as the CCP can initiate and sustain gradual institutional change in order to minimize the political risk of further economic reforms. organization of the book Chapter 2 presents the formal structure of power of China’s personnel management system. I analyze China’s decentralization strategy from the perspective of interlocal relations. I argue that initial institutional choices were the product of the center’s effort to manipulate interlocal relations in order to maximize Beijing’s political objectives despite economic decentralization.
The analysis of their career paths indicates that the dual processes of economic decentralization and the decentralization of the personnel management system have not led to a decline of the CCP’s capacity to enforce key organization norms among highranking cadres. The strict enforcement of cadre retirement regulations has the effect of shortening the tenure of mayors, which facilitates the promotion of a greater share of secondary officials than was possible before the reforms of the personnel system, but weakens the link between good governance and political rewards.
I focus on Party control over the appointment and promotion of officials, or cadres – or ganbu as they are known in China12 – because the cadre management system lies at the core of the political system: It not only embodies the long-standing claim of China’s post-reform leadership that exclusive Party control over the bureaucracy must be maintained, but it is also a key institutional channel though which the 10 11 12 This is even true in matter of intergovernmental fiscal relations. In response to the explosion of local fees in the 1990s, the center’s efforts to pressure localities to shift to a “tax for fee system” have met considerable resistance (Yep, 2004).