By Michael Burleigh
Among 1939 and 1945 the Nazis systematically murdered as many as 200,000 mentally in poor health or bodily disabled humans whom they stigmatised as 'life unworthy of life'. This complicated and covert sequence of operations was once often called the 'euthanasia' programme. It supplied the various group of workers and the technical services later deployed within the 'Final Solution'. this can be the 1st full-scale research in English of the 'euthanasia' programme. It considers the function of all these interested in those regulations: bureaucrats, medical professionals, nurses, well-being officers, legal professionals, clerics, and likewise mom and dad, family, and the sufferers themselves. utilizing a wealth of unique archival fabric, it highlights some of the ethical concerns fascinated about a manner that's profoundly disquieting. The e-book concludes via displaying the benefit with which a few of the perpetrators filtered again into German society after 1945.
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Additional info for Death and Deliverance: Euthanasia in Germany c. 1900-1945
The reasons for 'yes' votes included a desire to to the questions. 43 (or 27%) said burden of a handicapped child, with many of them wishing this done without their knowledge. e. in line with the practice later used in the National Socialist 'euthanasia' programme. ^^ Meltzer reproduced two letters to illustrate the thinking of those who had voted 'yes'. The first was from an industrial white-collar worker with feebleminded twins, who claimed that these questions were being debated among the people to a greater degree than was imagined by experts.
Thus the exhausted, hysterical and suggestible masses were seen as a prey for psychopathic or sexually deviant revolutionary leaders such as the Munich Raterepublik revolutionaries E. s^ Psychiatrists of a more reflective, if not quite 'progressive', persuasion, notably Gustav Kolb of F>rlangen (1870 1938), tried to counteract popular confusion of asylums with prisons by recommending the expansion of outpatient provision to establish a sort of dialogue between asylum and • 26 • Psychiatric reform and retrenchment wider community.
I simply mean that we were forced by the terrible exigencies of war to ascribe a different value to the life of the individual than years of starvation during the war of malnutrition in vast we had was the case before, and to get numbers, almost approving of perhaps the healthy could be kept alive through these II • that in the used to watching our patients die this, in the sacrifices. ** Honhocffcr was and remains a controversial figure, and this passage from open to several interpretations. Around the turn of the century he conducted dubious dcgenerationist studies concerning beggars and tramps, and went on in the mid 1930s to give lecture courses to those officially charged with implementing the compulsory sterilisation policies introduced by the National Socialists.