By Charles Issawi
Charles Issawi's selection of essays, Cross-Cultural Encounters and Conflicts, has been written within the trust research of the previous encounters and conflicts among the world's significant cultures can make clear their nature and significance. although the emphasis is at the heart East, of which Issawi is one among our most efficient students, the themes lined the following diversity in scope from the nice old civilizations to Shelley's ardour for the center East, from the disasters of the Greeks as empire developers to the preeminence of English as a world language this present day. different essays learn both the best way definite cultures have been shaped, or the consequences of the direct keep watch over of 1 tradition over one other, or cross-cultural perceptions, so much significantly the dramatic swap within the Western notion of the Orient among the eighteenth and 19th centuries.
In this age of multiculturalism, conflicts among the world's cultures became a dominant characteristic of the foreign panorama. this wonderful assortment is a much-needed exploration in their old nature.
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Charles Issawi's number of essays, Cross-Cultural Encounters and Conflicts, has been written within the trust research of the previous encounters and conflicts among the world's significant cultures can make clear their nature and value. even though the emphasis is at the heart East, of which Issawi is one in every of our finest students, the topics lined right here diversity in scope from the good historical civilizations to Shelley's ardour for the center East, from the disasters of the Greeks as empire developers to the preeminence of English as a world language this present day.
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Extra resources for Cross-Cultural Encounters and Conflicts
Although Christianity continued to spread in the Celtic highlands, the Church was greatly weakened, or had disappeared, in the Anglo-Saxon lowlands. 12 In Gaul, however, the Church remained very powerful. Monachism had come early and spread widely, and numerous hermits were to be found in the countryside; by the fifth century, monasteries were being founded and were receiving generous endowments. 13 One factor that explains the much greater strength of the Church in Gaul than in Britain, apart from its deeper roots and wider base, was its connecton with the aristocracy.
Of the Romans, Indians, and Chinese, too little is known to warrant any statement. 26. Ibn Khaldun (ed. M. Quatremere), Al-Muqaddima (Paris, 1858), 1, 269. 27. Trade and trade diasporas have done much to diffuse religions, for example, Buddhism in Central and Southeast Asia, Hinduism in Southeast Asia, Christianity in Ethiopia and Southwest India, Islam in the Indian Ocean area and Africa, and so on. See Philip D. Curtin, Cross-Cultural Trade in World History (Cambridge, 1984). But, unless accompanied by large-scale migration, trade and trade diasporas are not sufficient to create a cultural area, as defined in this chapter.
To conclude, a people's success in culture imprinting bears no direct relationship to its brilliance in "high culture"; the most creative of them all, the Greeks, Italians, French, and Germans and, one is tempted to add, the Persians and Jews, did not imprint their cultures over vast areas. " 38 Cross-Cultural Encounters and Conflicts The correlation between a people's capacity to create durable political and administrative institutions and the extent of its cultural imprinting is somewhat closer, but by no means high: some of the most capable imperialists, like the Assyrians, Achaemenid Persians, Ottomans, and Habsburgs, did not leave much imprint, and some of the less capable, like the Indians, Arabs, and Portuguese, did.