By Gary Kemp, Tracy Bowell
Severe pondering: A Concise consultant is a much-needed consultant to argument research and a transparent creation to pondering sincerely and rationally for oneself. via special and obtainable dialogue this publication equips scholars with the basic abilities required to inform an exceptional argument from a nasty one.
Key gains of the booklet are:
clear, jargon-free dialogue of key thoughts in argumentation
how to prevent universal confusions surrounding phrases reminiscent of ‘truth’, ‘knowledge’ and ‘opinion’
how to spot and overview the commonest sorts of argument
how to identify fallacies in arguments and inform stable reasoning from bad
chapter summaries, glossaries and important exercises.
This 3rd variation has been revised and up to date all through, with new workouts, and updated topical examples, together with: ‘real-world’ arguments; sensible reasoning; realizing quantitative information, information, and the rhetoric used approximately them; clinical reasoning; and extended dialogue of conditionals, ambiguity, vagueness, slippery slope arguments, and arguments by way of analogy.
The Routledge severe pondering spouse site, incorporates a wealth of additional assets, together with examples and case reports, pattern questions, perform questions and solutions, and scholar activities.
Critical considering: A Concise advisor is key studying for somebody, scholar or specialist, at paintings or within the lecture room, trying to increase their reasoning and arguing skills.
Reviews of previous editions:
'This concise consultant bargains correct, rigorous and approachable methods…The authors concentrate on analysing and assessing arguments in a thoughtfully dependent sequence of chapters, with transparent definitions, a thesaurus, lots of examples and a few invaluable exercises.'
Will Ord, occasions academic Supplement
‘In my view this e-book is the main worthy textbook out there for its said viewers. It presents particularly transparent factors, with adequate technical element, yet with out over-complication. it really is my first-choice textual content for instructing severe pondering to first-year undergraduate students.’
Dawn Phillips, college of Southampton
‘…written with genuine undergraduates, and the normal error and confusions that they generally tend to be topic to, truly borne in mind…’
Helen Beebee, college of Manchester
'This is the simplest unmarried textual content i've got visible for addressing the extent, presumptions, and pursuits of the non-specialist.'
Charles Ess, Drury college
Read or Download Critical Thinking: A Concise Guide (3rd Edition) PDF
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Extra info for Critical Thinking: A Concise Guide (3rd Edition)
In the course of interpretation, we should take care not to treat metaphors as literal claims and not to confuse a metaphorical use of a word with an ambiguous one. When Shakespeare’s Romeo attempts to express the beauty of his lover, Juliet, he says, ‘My love is a rose’; this is intended as a metaphor that ascribes some of the characteristics of the secondary connotation of ‘rose’ to her – its beauty, fragility and sweetness – and is not ambiguous between literal and metaphorical meanings of ‘rose’.
She never closes the door behind her. There are adequate computing facilities in fewer than half of the country’s schools. • He always writes his own speeches. • Most women would choose to stay at home with their children if they could afford to. There are three potential problems with quantiﬁers: 1 Speakers and writers don’t always use quantiﬁers with sufﬁcient precision, so that the proposition they intend to convey is unclear and open to misinterpretation and rhetorical abuse. ’ You don’t agree and you mention an exception – Fergie Footballer receives only his (admittedly relatively generous) footballer’s salary, with no extra money from endorsing sports shoes or shirts.
35–36, for further discussion of such cases). These examples language and rhetoric 33 demonstrate how widespread and common ambiguity and vagueness are and the extent to which they frustrate our attempts clearly to understand others and to communicate clearly ourselves. Primary and secondary connotation The rich secondary connotation of some words provides a further source of vagueness. Every ordinary noun and every adjective – ‘elephant’, ‘immoral’, ‘company’, ‘stupid’ – has a range of things to which it applies: the extension of the term.