By Johnny L. Matson, Michael L. Matson
This entire edited quantity synthesizes the present nation of analysis and perform in mental, scientific, and motor issues as they impact people with highbrow disabilities (ID). It examines how those issues exist throughout this inhabitants, occasionally confound analysis, and sometimes have an effect on contributors’ caliber of lifestyles. moreover, this publication explores which remedies are potent for sufferers and issues to destiny challenges.
Comorbid stipulations featured include:
- Challenging behaviors.
- ADHD, autism, and different stipulations current in the course of early childhood.
- Anxiety, melancholy, and schizophrenia.
- Balance and gait problems.
- Cerebral palsy.
- Medical stipulations universal to folks with identity, equivalent to epilepsy, weight problems, and protracted pain.
Comorbid stipulations in people with highbrow Disabilities is a vital source for researchers, clinicians/professionals, and graduate scholars in scientific baby, tuition, and developmental psychology, baby and adolescent psychiatry, and social paintings in addition to rehabilitation medicine/therapy, behavioral remedy, pediatrics, and academic psychology.
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Extra info for Comorbid Conditions in Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities
Researchers have consistently found that those with ID and ASD exhibit more CB than those with either condition alone (Didden et al. 2012); Holden and Gitlesen 2006); Matson and Rivet 2008a; Matson and Rivet 2008b); McCarthy et al. 2013). 1 % reported for the overall sample of individuals with ID. They did not, however, find the presence of an ASD to be particularly associated with more demanding CB. Lundqvist (2013) found the prevalence of SIB, stereotyped behaviors, and aggressive/destructive behaviors to all be significantly greater in those with an ASD diagnosis.
SIB, aggressive behaviors, and stereotyped behaviors). Finally, risk factors associated with prevalence, both of CB in general and of specific categories of CB, will be discussed. A number of large-scale population studies have been conducted looking at the prevalence of CB in the ID population. Emerson and colleagues (2001) conducted a total population study in two areas of England. They found CB to be present in 10–15 % of individuals with ID that were screened. Additionally, they found that 5–10 % of individuals with ID exhibited more demanding CB, meaning at least one of the following criteria were present: (1) engaging in the CB at least once a day; (2) the CB usually prevented the person from taking part in program or activities appropriate to their level of ability; (3) the CB usually required physical intervention by staff; or (4) the CB usually led to major injury.
4 %. More demanding forms of SIB were found to occur in 6 % of participants. 93, and the maximum number of SIB topographies engaged in by one individual was 9. Other researchers have cited slightly higher 34 M. Horovitz prevalence estimates, ranging from 10–12 % of individuals with ID (Didden et al. 2012). Factors associated with the prevalence of SIB, such as gender and age, will be discussed further below. Aggressive Behaviors Emerson et al. (2001) found the prevalence of aggressive behaviors to be 7 % of the individuals investigated.