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By 王夫之

船山具有很深刻也很开明的历史见解,有他自己的一套历史哲学。根据他的理势合一论,他一方面诡「得理自然成势」(读四书大全说卷九),而另一方面说「于势之必然处见理」八同上(,「顺必然之势者理也」宋论卷七),很有点像黑格尔所主张「一切现实的郁是合理的,一切合理的都是现实的」那种味道。他以这种精神来讲历史,往往能按切历史事件的当时现实形势立论,而予以合理化。

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Extra info for Collection of Wang Chuanshan (Chinese classical literature series) (中国古典文学基本丛书:王船山诗文集)

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Tomb of Qin shi Huang Di, Xianyang. 50 temperature. [See p. 51] The statues were vividly painted; and although most of that paint has worn away, traces of it may be seen on some of the statues. The imperial tombs of the Northern Sung Dynasty (960-1127), the Sung Mausoleums, are in western Gongxian County, Henan Province. The stone statues guarding the gates are finely sculpted, demonstrating that Sung Dynasty stone sculptures had gradually discarded a pronounced mythical air and begun to display a sense of real life.

Xian city wall of the old Tang imperial city, 1370-1378. Qian (Xian). Xian. The Xi’an City Wall is not only the most complete city wall that has survived in China, but it’s also one of the largest and most complete ancient military systems of defense in the world. The construction of the City Wall of Xi’an was initiated by Zhu Yuanzhang, the first emperor of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1398). The circumference of the city wall is 14 km long. The military defense facilities here including the city wall, city moat, drawbridges, watchtowers, corner towers, parapet walls and gate towers once made up a complete city defense system.

On each of the four corners of the city wall there is a watchtower. The city wall is surrounded by a moat, which is 18 meters wide and 6 meters deep. [See p. ) and it is the only well preserved water-and-land city gate in the world now. The current gate was reconstructed in 1351. It consists of water and land gates, the city gate tower and city walls at both sides. C. that surrounded and protected Suzhou. [See p. 33] Arrow Tower (Jian Lou), Dongbianmen, Ming city walls. It used to be southeast tower of the four corner towers of the city walls, 1419-1435.

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