Download Cochineal Red: The Art History of a Color (Metropolitan by Elena Phipps PDF

By Elena Phipps

From antiquity to the current day, colour has been embedded with cultural that means. linked to blood, hearth, fertility, and lifestyles strength, the colour purple has continuously been super tricky to accomplish and therefore hugely prized. This ebook discusses the beginning of the pink colorant derived from the insect cochineal, its early use in Precolumbian ritual textiles from Mexico and Peru, and the unfold of the yankee dyestuff via cultural interchange following the Spanish discovery and conquest of the hot international within the sixteenth century. Drawing on examples from the collections of the Metropolitan Museum, it records using this red-colored treasure in different media and in the course of the international.

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Extra info for Cochineal Red: The Art History of a Color (Metropolitan Museum of Art)

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The limitation of the basic PAA to pins without a fat pin assignment is indicated by the 32 T. Meister, J. Lienig, and G. Thomke 13 (a) (b) 3 5 (c) (h) (d) (j) (k) (m) Fig. 10. Example pin assignment procedure with differential pairs using aggressive blending. (a) Pin assignment task with differential pairs for 13 nets. (b) Automatically selected fat pins. (c) Pins that were not paired to fat pins during (b). (d) Basic pin assignment for unpaired pins. (h) Automatically selected fat pins (leftover pins omitted).

5) Merge fat pin assignment and pin assignment which respects differential pairs. assignment of original pins into a final pin Output: Pin assignment with differential pairs Fig. 7. Overview of our differential pair methodology Universal Methodology to Handle Differential Pairs during Pin Assignment 29 This methodology is a framework that allows considering any number of differential pairs by utilizing any existing pin assignment algorithm (see above) without the need to modify the existing pin assignment algorithm itself.

9 are applied to each pin pair: Fig. 9 (a) shows the pin assignment task for two nets (lines) with two pins each (ending dots). A1, A2, B1 and B2 are the pins that are arranged in two separate sets. A1 and A2 are in the pin set named “From”. B1 and B2 are in the pin set named “To”. In Fig. 9 (b) pins A1, A2, B1, and B2 are transformed to fat pins A and B. Thus, only one of the two nets remains. Fig. 9 (c) shows the fat pin assignment by applying a PAA to the fat pin sets. Fig. 9 (d1) and (d2) denotes the two possibilities for the subsequent inverse transformation.

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