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By Fang Li-tian

This ebook elaborates and elucidates the thoughts and features of China's Buddhist tradition with detailed emphasis on elements: (1) the old evolution of chinese language Buddhism in addition to similar historic books, files, simple doctrines, platforms and protocols, and recognized ancient and cultural websites; and (2) the impression of Buddhism on such points of chinese language tradition as politics, ethics, philosophy, literature and paintings, and folks customs, in addition to the diversities and similarities among Buddhism and either Confucianism and Taoism. This publication extra summarizes the constitution, center ideals, inner and exterior relatives, root of evolution, and peculiarity of China's Buddhist tradition procedure. This e-book goals to supply an in-depth figuring out of the ancient prestige of Buddhism and its vital position within the evolution of chinese language culture.

KEY FEATURES
- Written by means of the most effective students of Buddhism in mainland China.
- Elaborates at the impact of Buddhism on chinese language politics, ethics, philosophy, literature, artwork, and people customs.
- offers an in-depth realizing of the ancient prestige of Buddhism and its vital position within the evolution of chinese language culture

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The fundamental tenet of Buddhism is to understand deeply the suffering of life and the misery in the world and attain nirvaņa, a kind of liberation transcending reality, as the supreme ideal state, where morality is also abandoned and transcended. This is because, from the Buddhist perspective, the world of kuśala and akuśala morality belongs to the sphere of discrimination, but nirvaņa, the state of liberation, belongs to the sphere of equality without discrimination. In this way, Buddhism on one hand encourages the Buddhists to give up akuśala and follow kuśala in practice; while on the other hand, it stresses that Buddhists strive toward the ideal of transcending “right and wrong” and kuśala and akuśala.

Shan-sheng-zi-jing translated by Zhi Fadu in the West Jin dynasty (265–316 AD). 3. Shan-sheng-jing (T1, Madhyamāgama, fascicle 33) translated by Samghadeva in the East Jin dynasty (317–420 AD). 4. Hua-yan-jing (Avatamsaka-sūtra, 60 fascicles) translated by Buddhabhadra in the East Jin dynasty. 5. Milindapañha Sūtra translated during the East Jin dynasty. 6. You-xing-jing and Shan-sheng-jing (T1, Dirghāgama, fascicle 2 and 12 respectively) jointly translated by Buddhayaśas and Zhu Fonian in the post Qin dynasty.

4. Hua-yan-jing (Avatamsaka-sūtra, 60 fascicles) translated by Buddhabhadra in the East Jin dynasty. 5. Milindapañha Sūtra translated during the East Jin dynasty. 6. You-xing-jing and Shan-sheng-jing (T1, Dirghāgama, fascicle 2 and 12 respectively) jointly translated by Buddhayaśas and Zhu Fonian in the post Qin dynasty. 2 Relations between male and female. Relationships between men and women, including sexual relationships, were not treated as taboo in ancient India; rather, these were treated as a perfectly normal part of life and prostitutes were not discriminated against.

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