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By Shaun Gerard Breslin (auth.)

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Central Party and State Discipline Mechanisms The decrease in central party authority that resulted from the decentralization of nomenklatura control was theoretically offset by increasing the power of the Central Discipline Inspection Commission (CDIC). The CDIC and Provincial Discipline Inspection Commissions were to act as an inner-party watchdogs to ensure that provincial and lower level authorities did not abuse their new powers over appointments. As I will show in Chapter 4, a number of senior provincial figures did lose their jobs as a result of inner-party investigation in the late 1980s.

Zhu Rongji was similarly promoted from Mayor of Shanghai to the SC in May 1991, whilst Li Ruihuan, Tianjin Mayor and party secretary, also made the transition from provincial to national leadership in 1989. Third, the semi-introduction of market mechanisms has altered the relationship between grain production and leadership stability emphasized by Teiwes. With ownership, production and distribution of light industrial goods increasingly out of state control, the mix of economic activity in a province has taken on a new importance.

Breslin, China in the 1980s © Shaun Gerard Breslin 1996 40 China in the 1980s together over every issue. In essence, loose alliances over single issues were the order of the day (factionalization). However, after the chaos of the Cultural Revolution and the fall of Lin Biao, all this changed. Loose coalitions became firm factions as groups of people came together and stayed together fighting for common and comprehensive policy (factionalism) packages in what became a pre-mortal succession struggle.

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