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By E. Lifshin (editor)

Fabrics technological know-how and know-how is a seminal paintings and crucial reference providing entry to a veritable compendium of data masking crucial periods of fabrics present in undefined, together with: metals, ceramics, glasses, polymers, semiconductors and composites. also, fabrics technology and expertise offers with the functions, processing, and primary rules linked to those fabrics. It essentially and comprehensively presents the person with information from study and at the homes, instruction and capability of the person periods of fabrics.

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The asymmetry in sg of i/fT, known as the Bormann effect (Bormann, 1941,1950), can also be understood on the basis of this model. For s > 0 the amplitude |[1 — {s/ar)] of the rapidly attenuated wave in \]/T [Eq. (1-115)] is smaller than 1, whereas the amplitude | [ l + (s/(7r)] of the passing wave is enhanced. The opposite is true for s < 0; now the amplitude of the passing wave is smaller than 1. As a result, \j/T will have a larger amplitude for s > 0 than for s < 0 for the same absolute value of s.

1-20. These maxima thus form a stationary pattern which can be observed behind the crystal and magnified, and which is directly related to the set of lattice planes. 1 Normal Absorption Normal absorption is phenomenologically described by a complex refractive index, the absorption coefficient being related to the imaginary part of the refractive index. This can easily be seen quite generally by writing the expression for a plane wave as \j/ = \j/0 exp [i {k z — co t)] with k = co/v = a>n/c with n = c/v {v = velocity in medium, c = velocity in vacuum).

1-57) and (1-58) and noting a = or + i a{, analytical expressions can be obtained for IT = TT* and Is = SS*. , z2 4, tg, one can obtain to a good approximation $(*2)M2(z29s)$(x1)^$(z1 + a2) More cases are considered by Amelinckx and VanLanduyt (1978). 5 Contrast at Planar Interfaces: Two-Beam Dynamic Theory In the most general case the deviation parameters s1 and s2 are also assumed to be different in the front and rear parts: this case is treated by Gevers et al. (1965) and Geversetal. (1964 b).

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