By Philip Jowett, Stephen Walsh
This can be a entire advisor to the armies that fought a devastating and decisive clash within the japanese Mediterranean among the 2 international Wars of the 20 th century. From the preliminary Greek invasion, designed to "liberate" the 100,000 ethnic Greeks that lived in Western Turkey and had performed for hundreds of years, to Mustapha Kemal Ataturk's awfully effective formation of a countrywide govt and a customary military, this was once a struggle that formed the geopolitical panorama of the Mediterranean to this present day. It gave start to the fashionable Turkish nation, displacing hundreds of thousands and developing sour stories of atrocities dedicated via either side. Augmented with very infrequent pictures and gorgeous illustrations, this ground-breaking name explores the historical past, association, and visual appeal of the armies, either guerilla and traditional, that fought during this bloody warfare.
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Additional info for Armies of the Greek-Turkish War 1919-22
He is wearing the double-breasted short greatcoat that was a popular alternative to the more cumbersome long-skirted pattern for field use. His rank of major-general is displayed by a silver star on his gold braid shoulder boards and his status as a general officer on the collar as well as on the tunic collar underneath. His officers’ képi has the general officers’ gold chinstrap and patterned black band, with the gold crown and blue-white-blue cockade badge. Like most high-ranking officers the general will have purchased his uniform and leather equipment from the best military outfitters in Athens.
36 The summer uniform worn by the Greek Army was a khaki drill version of the M1908 (see Plate A3); the lightweight khaki cotton often faded in the sun to a very pale shade. In the heat of the Asia Minor plains troops not surprisingly wore as little as possible; while there is no photographic evidence that shorts were ever worn, in the field most Greek soldiers would wear their undershirt along with either the winter wool trousers or the summer version if available. During the Anatolian winter the standard M1908 greatcoat was worn with the woollen uniform, and other overcoats in service also included ex-Canadian, British and US Army models.
G: TURKISH NATIONALIST ARMY, 1921–22 G1: Captain, Infantry, 1921 This yuzbasi wears the new-style ‘peakless képi’ which was adopted by some Nationalist officers after 1920 alongside the kalpak and the pre-1918 kabalak, and which steadily replaced them. Captain’s rank is shown by the three stars on the green triangular collar patches of his woollen tunic, but note the single green cord around the cap. As a member of Ismet Pasha’s staff this officer has complete Ottoman Army equipment, including binoculars and a mapcase.