By Jasmine Dum-Tragut
This grammar of recent jap Armenian supplies an exact and particular description of the jap Armenian language of the Republic of Armenia. It covers not just the normative culture yet, extra importantly, additionally describes the colloquial language because it is utilized in Armenia at the present time. with reference to methodological procedure and terminology it totally meets the calls for of contemporary common linguistics and typology.
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Extra info for Armenian: Modern Eastern Armenian
These positional allophonic differences are also expressed in orthography. Whereas the writing and pronunciation of the vowel phonemes ³ a [c], Ç i [i] and áõ u [u] are the same in all positions, there are positional differences in the writing and spelling of » e and ¿ ē for  and á o and o ō for [f]. The difference expressed in having two graphemes for each of the two phonemes  and [f], namely » e and ¿ ē for  and á o and o ō for [f] is caused by the historic change from diachronic Armenian, by former distributional differences14 (the phonemes had been real allophones in diachronic Armenian) and by orthographical conventions.
It follows an alveodental nasal [n] in the word (and its derivations and compounds) ³Ý·³Ù angam [c]khcm] “times”. . Compare school books and orthography instruction material, just as Sahakyan,Sahakyan 2004 :13ff. Armenian – – it occurs between two vowels or if it follows a vowel in the words (and their derivations and compounds) ³í³· avag [cvckh] “elder, senior”, ½³·ë zags [zckhs] “register office”, ½áõ·»É zugel [zukh7l] “to dress up”, ¿· ēg [7kh] “female”, Ã³·³íáñ t’agavor [thckhcvfn] “king”, Í³·»É cagel [tsckh7l] “to rise, to origin”, Ï³ñ³· karag [kcnckh] “butter”, Ñ³·Ý»É hagnel [hckhn7l] “to wear, to put on”, Ñá·Ý»É hognel [hfkhn7l] “to get tired”, Ñá·Ç hogi [hfkhi] “soul”, Ó³· jag [dzckh] “youngling”, ÓÇ· jig [dzikh] “tight, stretched ", ×ñ³· črag [tw6nckh] “lamp”, Ù³ñ³· marag [mcnckh] “hay-loft”, Ùáõ· mug [mukh] “dark”, Ýáñá·»É norogel [nfnfkh7l] “renew, renovate”, ßá· šog [wfkh] “hot”, å³ï³ñ³· patarag [pctcnckh] “holy mass”, ëáõ· sug [sukh] “grief ”, ï»·ñ tegr [t7kh(6) n] “husband’s brother”, û·Ý»É ōgnel [fkhn7l] “to help”, û·áõï ōgut [fkhut] “favour”, as well in the names ¶ñÇ·áñ Grigor [Gnikhfn] and ¶³ñ»·ÇÝ Garegin [Gcn7khin].
Bfnph7l] > µáñµáù»É borbok’el [bfnbfkh7l] “to kindle, to inflame”. – Preceding vowel devoicing and aspiration If the final voiced consonant follows a vowel, it may undergo devoicing and aspiration. If the medial voiced consonant appears between two vowels, it may undergo devoicing and aspiration. o¹ ōd [fth] “air”, ¿· ēg [7kh] “female”, ûÓ ōj [ftsh] “snake”, ³ç aj [ctwh] “right” etc. Ë³µ»É xabel [ócph7l] “to cheat”, ³Ý¹j³¹³ñ andadar [cnthcthcn] “unceasing”, Ñá·Ç hogi [hfkhi] “soul”, áçÇÉ ojil [‚ftwhil] “louse” etc.