Download Armenian: Modern Eastern Armenian by Jasmine Dum-Tragut PDF

By Jasmine Dum-Tragut

This grammar of recent jap Armenian supplies an exact and particular description of the jap Armenian language of the Republic of Armenia. It covers not just the normative culture yet, extra importantly, additionally describes the colloquial language because it is utilized in Armenia at the present time. with reference to methodological procedure and terminology it totally meets the calls for of contemporary common linguistics and typology.

Show description

Read Online or Download Armenian: Modern Eastern Armenian PDF

Best turkey books

Migrating to America: Transnational Social Networks and Regional Identity among Turkish Migrants (International Library of Migration Studies)

Why achieve this many Turkish migrants decide to make their fortune in the US while the proximity of Europe makes it a less expensive possibility? the following Lisa DiCarlo deals us new insights into the research of id and migration. She attracts on examine and the historical past of the Black Sea quarter going again to the early years of the fashionable Turkish Republic, to provide an explanation for present Turkish hard work migration traits.

Snack Food Technology

This publication fills a necessity for a technological advisor in a box that has experi­ enced a virtually explosive raise within the final twenty years. No different e-book to be had to foodstuff scientists offers designated insurance of the constituents, methods, items, and gear of approximately all types of snack nutrients made this day.

Cross-Cultural Encounters and Conflicts

Charles Issawi's selection of essays, Cross-Cultural Encounters and Conflicts, has been written within the trust learn of the previous encounters and conflicts among the world's significant cultures can make clear their nature and significance. although the emphasis is at the center East, of which Issawi is considered one of our most popular students, the topics lined the following variety in scope from the good old civilizations to Shelley's ardour for the center East, from the disasters of the Greeks as empire developers to the preeminence of English as a world language this present day.

The Cambridge History of Turkey: The Ottoman Empire as a World Power, 1453–1603

Vol. I: Byzantium to Turkey, 1071–1453 This quantity examines the increase of Turkish energy in Anatolia from the coming of the 1st Turks on the finish of the 11th century to the autumn of Constantinople in 1453. Taking the interval as a complete, the quantity covers the political, monetary, social, highbrow and cultural historical past of the area because the Byzantine empire crumbled and Anatolia handed into Turkish regulate to develop into the heartland of the Ottoman empire.

Extra info for Armenian: Modern Eastern Armenian

Sample text

These positional allophonic differences are also expressed in orthography. Whereas the writing and pronunciation of the vowel phonemes ³ a [c], Ç i [i] and áõ u [u] are the same in all positions, there are positional differences in the writing and spelling of » e and ¿ ē for [7] and á o and o ō for [f]. The difference expressed in having two graphemes for each of the two phonemes [7] and [f], namely » e and ¿ ē for [7] and á o and o ō for [f] is caused by the historic change from diachronic Armenian, by former distributional differences14 (the phonemes had been real allophones in diachronic Armenian) and by orthographical conventions.

It follows an alveodental nasal [n] in the word (and its derivations and compounds) ³Ý·³Ù angam [c]khcm] “times”. . Compare school books and orthography instruction material, just as Sahakyan,Sahakyan 2004 :13ff.  Armenian – – it occurs between two vowels or if it follows a vowel in the words (and their derivations and compounds) ³í³· avag [cvckh] “elder, senior”, ½³·ë zags [zckhs] “register office”, ½áõ·»É zugel [zukh7l] “to dress up”, ¿· ēg [7kh] “female”, ó·³íáñ t’agavor [thckhcvfn] “king”, ͳ·»É cagel [tsckh7l] “to rise, to origin”, ϳñ³· karag [kcnckh] “butter”, Ñ³·Ý»É hagnel [hckhn7l] “to wear, to put on”, Ñá·Ý»É hognel [hfkhn7l] “to get tired”, Ñá·Ç hogi [hfkhi] “soul”, Ó³· jag [dzckh] “youngling”, ÓÇ· jig [dzikh] “tight, stretched ", ×ñ³· črag [tw6nckh] “lamp”, Ù³ñ³· marag [mcnckh] “hay-loft”, Ùáõ· mug [mukh] “dark”, Ýáñá·»É norogel [nfnfkh7l] “renew, renovate”, ßá· šog [wfkh] “hot”, å³ï³ñ³· patarag [pctcnckh] “holy mass”, ëáõ· sug [sukh] “grief ”, ï»·ñ tegr [t7kh(6) n] “husband’s brother”, û·Ý»É ōgnel [fkhn7l] “to help”, û·áõï ōgut [fkhut] “favour”, as well in the names ¶ñÇ·áñ Grigor [Gnikhfn] and ¶³ñ»·ÇÝ Garegin [Gcn7khin].

Bfnph7l] > µáñµáù»É borbok’el [bfnbfkh7l] “to kindle, to inflame”. – Preceding vowel devoicing and aspiration If the final voiced consonant follows a vowel, it may undergo devoicing and aspiration. If the medial voiced consonant appears between two vowels, it may undergo devoicing and aspiration. o¹ ōd [fth] “air”, ¿· ēg [7kh] “female”, ûÓ ōj [ftsh] “snake”, ³ç aj [ctwh] “right” etc. ˳µ»É xabel [ócph7l] “to cheat”, ³Ý¹j³¹³ñ andadar [cnthcthcn] “unceasing”, Ñá·Ç hogi [hfkhi] “soul”, áçÇÉ ojil [‚ftwhil] “louse” etc.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.13 of 5 – based on 29 votes