By Gail Mack
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Few moral matters create as a lot controversy as invasive experiments on animals. a few scientists declare they're crucial for scuffling with significant human illness, or detecting human pollution. Others declare the opposite, sponsored via millions of sufferers harmed by way of prescribed drugs built utilizing animal assessments. a few declare all experiments are performed humanely, to excessive medical criteria.
The collections of yank paintings within the Metropolitan Museum are the main entire and consultant to be chanced on at any place. the following, below one roof, were assembled major examples in each medium and from all sessions of this country's background, together with said masterpieces in all of the many catagories—painting, sculpture, structure, prints and drawings, and ornamental arts.
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Extra resources for Animal Rights
Livestock are kept in cages that are housed in buildings where air, heating, cooling, feeding, and watering are controlled automatically by high-tech machines. The animals are identified by numbers. There is much debate over factory farms: Food production may be effi cient, but is there animal abuse? Are factory farms, with their huge output, necessary because of growing world population? How do they affect the environment—is animal waste polluting land and water? What are the health risks for humans and for the animals?
Hughes says that these diseases may lead to new AIDS-type epidemics and costs borne by other patients if resources are moved from other types of medical research to finance xenotransplantation. If this happens, says Hughes, it takes the ethics of xenotransplantation out of the realm of individual consent and into the realm of justice. For example, just how permissible is it for one person to put others at risk for his or her own benefit? The risk of a major new epidemic is extremely grave, and its likelihood is difficult if not impossible to quantify.
Primary emotions—there are six of them— are basic feelings that do not require conscious thought: they are like automatic refl exes. These six universal emotions were identified by Charles Darwin, who was the fi rst scientist to study animal emotions systematically. In his book The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals, published in 1872, he wrote that animals could feel the primary emotions: fear, disgust, anger, surprise, sadness, and happiness. Do animals have emotions? Two orangutans hug each other in Malaysia.