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By Freya Stark

This can be the tale of back-country Turkey, a space that even within the twentieth century is still stubbornly tied to antiquity. the writer traveled via it via truck and horseback, usually on my own. She reached areas little visited and not written approximately. the rustic humans welcomed her with generosity unrelated to their meager resources.
She was once touring in time to boot, and located importance in recalling the lifetime of Alexander the good. Twenty-two centuries in the past he was once the 1st to dream of a united international.

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He formed his policy, bided his time, and planned his revenge. It is an interesting characteristic of the Ottomans, and even of modern-day Turkish society, that accounts are kept of inflicted wrongs, and at the proper moment these accounts are settled to the applause of the onlookers. Halil Pasha’s days were numbered. Mohammed’s policy, conceived during the turmoil of his unhappy early experiences, had four essential points. He must rid himself of Chandarli Halil Pasha, reorganize the janissaries to eliminate any divisive elements and make them more dependent upon himself, take Constantinople, and make the holy war again the guiding principle of the state.

2 30. 39 OTTOMAN E M P IR E AND ISLA M IC TRADITION a s k e r is and r e a y a t im a r s and t im a r - h o l d e r s Even at this early stage, however, dividing lines within the society did exist. One such major line of division separated nascent Ottoman society into two segments. In simplest terms we can call the two groups the rulers and the ruled. ” As the productive elements in society, the reaya produced the wealth that supported the military class. The reaya con­ sisted of three categories: peasants, town and city dwellers, and nomads.

In the tim e of the late sultan it supported the steward M urad. In our [the present] sultan’s reign they gave it to the aforementioned [Sunkur], H e possesses the sultan’s patent. Himself in heavy armor, 4 horsemen with cuirasses, 1 tent 45 OTTOMAN E M P IR E AND ISLAM IC TRADITION [Then follows village by village the number of households and incom e from each village] T o ta l: 8 villages, 2 cultivated sites, 171 households, 8 widows, 6 bachelors Revenue . . 12,671 akchas Argirikasri's total contribution to the sanjak’s cavalry force was 134 men, 7 tents, 2 coats of mail, and 1 field kitchen.

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